Historical Overview

The 18th and 19th centuries saw the rise of Jaipur miniatures. In 1727 when the new capital of Jaipur was founded, the Kachhwaha chief Savai Jai Singh brought two painters, Fazl Mohammad and Sadiq Mohammad, from Delhi.
Jaipur became a foremost centre for the reception and preservation of skills from the Mughal atelier. The different phases of miniature painting under the Jaipur School can be attributed to the arrival of such itinerant painters displaced from the Mughal atelier at various points of time, which led to the interpretation of popular Mughal motifs in a variety of ways.
Commissioned painters who had left the Mughal karkhanas (atelier) brought with them their well-learned craft but in the new environs of Jaipur they carefully fostered the Rajasthani tradition by recasting Mughal iconography and motifs in sensuous and much stylized terms. An almost mature phase of these interpretations was said to have developed in the 18th century when the royal portrait atelier was re-organized; costly paper was made available to the painters and the royal portraits became more lavish as they became encrusted with pearls and crystals. The 19th century saw the fixing of the Jaipur style evidenced in the use of strong vibrant colours and the laying down of fast outlines.